The following individuals have completed all levels of engagement in the CIRTL@UCLA Program and have achieved the highest level of engagement- CIRTL Scholar Status.

Elizabeth Reid-Wainscoat
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
2017-2018

Project Title: “Does temperament composition impact group dynamics in an upper division biology lab course?”
Teaching-As-Research (TAR) Presentation: April 13, 2018, CEILS Journal Club

Abstract

Many STEM courses include group work as a component of their assessment structure. Group projects have the potential to promote collaboration, foster leadership and organization skills, and lead to creative outcomes. However, they can also act destructively to drive divisions among members, create unequal work load distributions and create poorly organized work products. This leads to negative student learning experiences and creates a culture of undergraduates that avoid collaboration with their peers. Many educators rely on the fact that students need to gain skills that relate to group organization and effective collaboration for their future careers and thus continue to encourage group projects in their courses. However, the classroom environment is different than the workplace for many reasons. Students have different backgrounds and skills, they often have different grading structures and thus different goals for the class and their motivation in the course subject varies greatly as well. Some are taking the class simply as a major requirement, where as others are hoping to gain skills and knowledge that will enhance their future careers. All of these differences do not accurately reflect a workplace environment that guarantees a more concrete baseline of interest, skill level, and personal accountability. Thus, student group work should be much more focused, organized and directed to achieve the goals of constructive group projects.

To better understand how to best implement effective group work, Elizabeth conducted a study on the impact of different temperament composition on group dynamics in an upper division biology lab course. Specifically, she had all students take the “16 personality test” online and then assigned students to groups that were either homogeneous extroverts, homogeneous introverts, and heterogeneous, with equal ratios of introverts and extroverts. All students were given explicit instructions on workload allocation between members and were held accountable through individualized grading schemes even though each group was creating a single work product. Groups were monitored using indirect assessments such as check-in meetings and directly assessed through their lab report grades. At the end of the quarter Elizabeth conducted a survey asking students to elaborate on their group experience and determine what specific aspects they liked and disliked about their group dynamic. This talk will discuss these results and give suggestions to improve the undergraduate experience with group projects.

Jenny Link
Department of Medicine –  Cardiology
2017-2018

Project Title: “Recurrent and varied in-class activities help students retain information in a lower division evolution, biodiversity, and ecology course.”
Teaching-As-Research (TAR) Presentation: May 4, 2018, CEILS Journal Club

Abstract

The achievement of learning outcomes is partly affected by students’ prior knowledge, which can be an impediment if their prior knowledge is incorrect. Active-learning strategies such as think-pair-share and group-based problem solving have been shown to increase learning gains. To determine whether in-class activities can eliminate misconceptions and help students retain information over the duration of the course, I incorporated different types of activities to address course topics and I administered surveys intermittently throughout the 16-week semester to assess student knowledge. In this talk, I will show that one-time in-class activities may help students recall information and reduce misconceptions for the upcoming exam, in the short term, but knowledge is not retained weeks later at the end of the semester. However, when students are interacting with the course material with recurrent, varied activities, there is evidence that longer term retention occurs. These results suggest that learning outcomes should align with several types of activities over time to ensure long-term retention.

Bio

Jenny Link is a postdoctoral fellow in UCLA Postdocs Longitudinal Investment in Faculty Training (UPLIFT) program. In addition to a traditional postdoc experience, UPLIFT fellows receive pedagogical training at UCLA and put their training into practice at our partner institution Cal State Los Angeles. Jenny works in the laboratory of Dr. Elizabeth Tarling and Dr. Thomas Vallim, investigating the effects of novel genes involved in bile acid and cholesterol metabolism. In Fall 2017, she taught a lower division evolution, biodiversity, and ecology course with Dr. Paul Narguizian and conducted her teaching-as-research project, which is the focus of this CEILS journal club. Upon completion of this presentation, she will become a CIRTL Scholar.